In case of possible infection, the emergence of the disease can be prevented by a vaccination started on time (post-exposure prophylaxis).
For whom should it be considered as infection prevention (pre-exposure prophylaxis)?
- Those who stay at an infected territory longer than 3 months, to small children
- People who are in danger of getting infected during work (zoologists, speleologists, dog catchers, ethnographers, hunters, people travelling by bicycles or motorcycles etc.)
How is it to be given?
- Dose 1 as appropriate, dose 2 7 days after dose 1, dose 3 21 days or 28 days after dose 1, + dose 4 in 1 year.
- In case of an injury with possible risk of infection of rabies revaccination is necessary.
- A booster vaccination is needed in every 5 years in order to maintain protection.
Modern vaccinations may not be available in developing countries; moreover, in case of an injury other risks of medical care may also be possible.
What kind of vaccination symptoms may occur?
- local redness, pain
When is it contraindicated?
- Pregnant women cannot be given pre-exposure prophylaxis
- Vaccination is not recommended in case of an immune system with lower level of operation.
After having been bitten by an animal tetanus infection can also happen and another vaccination is necessary for its prevention. Anyone who has been injured, should clean the wound immediately. A thorough treatment can lower the risk of both illnesses.