In Hungary 3 immunizations have been registered that contain deactivated virus cells against Hepatitis A.
For whom should it be considered?
- Everyone who visits a territory with possible risk of contagion /Central and South America, Mexico, Asia (except for Japan), Africa, Eastern Europe, and certain South European countries/ .
- Those who are especially endangered due to their specific illness or way of living (bleeders, people using intravenous drugs, homosexual oriented people, people suffering from chronic liver disease).
- People who can be endangered by infection during work (laboratory workers, medical workers, water workers).
- Everyone in a community in case of a Hepatitis A epidemic.
When is it to be given?
For small children, the first dose can be given between 12-23 months.
For travellers it is recommended to receive the first dose at least 4 weeks before travel, but minimum 2 weeks are needed for the vaccination to take effect.
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Revaccination is needed for reaching long term protection. It can be carried out between 6 months and 5 years after receiving the first dose, but is suggested between 6 - 12 months following the first one.
The vaccination can also be used simultaneously with other immunizations.
How long is the protection period?
One dose of Hepatitis A vaccination gives protection for 3-5 years. When receiving the complete Hepatitis A vaccination series (which consists of 2 doses) a protection period of at least 20 years can be obtained.
When is it contraindicated?
- In case of severe allergic symptoms after receiving the first dose of Hepatitis A.
- In case it’s known that someone is allergic to any other vaccinations or any component of Hepatitis A vaccination.
- In case of any other ongoing severe acute illnesses.
Based on current knowledge, it is not harmful either for pregnant women or for the new-borns, but is only recommended, if the pregnant woman is at possible risk of contagion.